About the project
Since 2008, Transgender Europe (TGEU) has been a pioneer in research on trans people’s experience of violence and crime: its Trans Murder Monitoring (TMM) Project has documented 1,518 cases of murdered trans persons in five years (89 in Europe). In 2012, the EU Fundamental Rights Agency’s (FRA) LGBT survey also identified transgender persons as particularly vulnerable to hate crimes and unlikely to report them in the European Union. One of the most shocking results is that 35 per cent of the respondents had been attacked or threatened with violence in the five years before the survey was carried out.
The results also shed light on the extent to which trans people face bias-motivated discrimination in different areas of life, including employment, education, healthcare, housing and other services. Transgender respondents, as well as lesbian and bisexual women, were more likely than gay and bisexual men to have been discriminated against on the basis of their gender in the 12 months preceding the survey. Furthermore, almost a third of responding trans persons felt discriminated against in their employment or job search in the 12 months prior to the survey. Every fifth transgender person also reported discrimination in healthcare settings, which rate is twice as high as among those who don’t identify as transgender.
The FRA concludes that the most frequent reasons for not reporting were a belief that “nothing would change”, a lack of knowledge about how or where to report an incident and fear of homophobic or transphobic reactions from the police. In line with the FRA’s recommendations on focusing on improving the reporting rates of hate crimes and improving systematic recording, TGEU has gradually been placing more emphasis on monitoring and reporting transphobic incidents in the form of discrimination, hate speech and hate crimes, focusing on Central-Eastern European countries as data in this region is extremely scarce. By working together with LGBT and trans groups and NGOs within the framework of the ProTrans project – funded by the US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor – TGEU aims to provide systematic and credible data needed to improve public policies to prevent and tackle discrimination and violence against trans people.
Our implementing partners are:
The project started in early 2014 with several partner meetings, where an online monitoring system has been developed and implemented by project partners with the technical expertise of HURIDOCS. Participating organizations were trained on its usage and hate crime monitoring and started documenting violent incidents against transgender persons domestically in the framework of the project. In conjunction with the monitoring, project partners have offered community-based support services for survivors of violence and increased knowledge about possibilities for redress among the transgender population.
Click on the below pictures to read about project highlights:
The final project report is available clicking on the picture:
Data at a glance
ProTrans partners started collecting information in May 2014. By August 2015 they collected more than 150 cases of transphobic disrimination, hate speech and violence. The below map shows a brief description of each case recorded when clicking on the pins. Locations on the map only serve illustrative purposes, they are not actual exact addresses of the incidents.
Distribution of recorded cases per country:
Types of incidents (note that in some cases multiple types of incidents occur):
Types of information sources (note that in some cases there is multiple sources of information):
Types of perpetrators (note that in some cases the perpetrator(s) belong to multiple categories):
The first publication of the project entitled ‘Monitoring Transphobic Incidents’ aims to provide an introduction to the topic of monitoring discrimination, hate speech and hate crimes by defining the most common terms and present guidelines on how to use the online monitoring tool developed by TGEU and its partner organisations. Setting up a monitoring scheme and accompanying victim support services is an enormous task that requires careful resource planning and expertise. However, in this booklet we still attempt to highlight some key issues and showcase one hopefully useful tool for those groups and civil society organisations that want to improve their monitoring and reporting activities and engage in comparative data collection at the European level.
Contextualization of recorded incidents will be published in local-language country reports in June 2015 and a joint publication in September 2015.
Labrys Kyrgyzstan submitted a shadow report to the UN CEDAW Committee, which includes information about institutionalized discrimination of LBTI people on the part of the government such as legal recognition of transgender people, hate speeches and crimes against LBTI communities, as well as everyday violations of rights that LBTI people face from state institutions – law enforcement agencies, medical institutions, employees of civil registries, as well as the border service. The document details violent incidents against trans people, collected through the monitoring in the project. The Committee addressed the situation of at-risk groups, including transgender women in its Concluding Observations to the government of Kyrgyzstan and recommended that the state ensures access to sustainable, non-discriminatory and non-prejudiced services, such as shelters, sexual and reproductive health services, legal aid and counselling, and employment for all women, in particular women facing intersecting forms of discrimination, and protects them from violence, abuse and exploitation. Furthermore, it urged the state to finalize and adopt an expeditious, transparent and accessible official procedure to change the gender marker on the identity documents of transgender women who wish to obtain legal recognition of their gender.
Transvanilla, Hungary published a report on healthcare discrimination against trans people in Hungary in 2014, summarizing data gathered through online and offline questionnaires and personal interviews. The findings in this report aim to increase public awareness on policy/decision makers’ responsibility to provide appropriate ad-hoc and long-term improvements to make health care services more accessible and of better quality to trans* people.
GENDERDOC-M, Moldova published a report on the situation of LGBT people in Moldova in 2014, which also includes cases of discrimination against trans people.
On 14 May 2015, TGEU participated in Victim Support Europe’s annual conference in a workshop focusing on victims with special needs. The presentation aimed to give an introduction into the human rights situation of trans people, contextualizing trans victimization tendencies in light of the available data and case studies. Special attention was paid to highlighting trans-inclusive victim support practices and the specific needs of trans victims.
In April 2015, TGEU submitted a report containing a collection of transphobic hate crimes and hate incidents that took place during 2014 and were recorded and verified by TGEU and its partner organizations for the OSCE ODIHR Hate Crime Reporting. Click on the below picture to access the full report and a summary infographic.
Promotion brochures from partners
Partners reached out to the trans community with multiple tools, including distributing brochures to encourage reporting and seeking redress.
Click here to download the brochure of Gayten-LGBT (Serbia).
Click here to download Red Umbrella’s (Turkey) leaflet.
Click here to download Transvanilla’s (Hungary) flyer.
If you want to join our efforts to monitor transphobic discrimination, hate speech and hate crimes, please get in touch with the Project Manager of the ProTrans project at firstname.lastname@example.org. Boglarka will provide instructions on how to access and use the online monitoring system or include your individual incidents in our database.